Manna

Manna
   Heb. man-hu, "What is that?" the name given by the Israelites to the food miraculously supplied to them during their wanderings in the wilderness (Ex. 16:15-35). The name is commonly taken as derived from man, an expression of surprise, "What is it?" but more probably it is derived from manan, meaning "to allot," and hence denoting an "allotment" or a "gift." This "gift" from God is described as "a small round thing," like the "hoar-frost on the ground," and "like coriander seed," "of the colour of bdellium," and in taste "like wafers made with honey." It was capable of being baked and boiled, ground in mills, or beaten in a mortar (Ex. 16:23; Num. 11:7). If any was kept over till the following morning, it became corrupt with worms; but as on the Sabbath none fell, on the preceding day a double portion was given, and that could be kept over to supply the wants of the Sabbath without becoming corrupt. Directions concerning the gathering of it are fully given (Ex. 16:16-18, 33; Deut. 8:3, 16). It fell for the first time after the eighth encampment in the desert of Sin, and was daily furnished, except on the Sabbath, for all the years of the wanderings, till they encamped at Gilgal, after crossing the Jordan, when it suddenly ceased, and where they "did eat of the old corn of the land; neither had the children of Israel manna any more" (Josh. 5:12). They now no longer needed the "bread of the wilderness."
   This manna was evidently altogether a miraculous gift, wholly different from any natural product with which we are acquainted, and which bears this name. The manna of European commerce comes chiefly from Calabria and Sicily. It drops from the twigs of a species of ash during the months of June and July. At night it is fluid and resembles dew, but in the morning it begins to harden. The manna of the Sinaitic peninsula is an exudation from the "manna-tamarisk" tree (Tamarix mannifera), the el-tarfah of the Arabs. This tree is found at the present day in certain well-watered valleys in the peninsula of Sinai. The manna with which the people of Israel were fed for forty years differs in many particulars from all these natural products.
   Our Lord refers to the manna when he calls himself the "true bread from heaven" (John 6:31-35; 48-51). He is also the "hidden manna" (Rev. 2:17; comp. John 6:49, 51).

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • MANNA — (Heb. מָן), referred to as bread from heaven (Ex. 16:4; cf. Ps. 105:40). Manna is described in Exodus as coming down in the wilderness of Sinai within the area of the Israelites encampment every morning except on Sabbaths in the form of a fine,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Manna — • The food miraculously sent to the Israelites during their forty years sojourn in the desert (Ex., xvi; Num., xi, 6 9) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Manna     Manna      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Manna — Man na (m[a^]n n[.a]), n. [L., fr. Gr. ma nna, Heb. m[=a]n; cf. Ar. mann, properly, gift (of heaven).] 1. (Script.) The food supplied to the Israelites in their journey through the wilderness of Arabia; hence, divinely supplied food. Ex. xvi. 15 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Manna — Sn die wundersame Nahrung der Israeliten nach dem Auszug aus Ägypten erw. bildg. (14. Jh.), spmhd. mannabrōt Entlehnung. Ist mit verdeutlichender Komposition entlehnt aus spl. manna, dieses aus ntl. gr. mánna, aus hebr. / aram. mān, mannā(ʾ)… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

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  • Manna — Manna, 1) (Manna), gelbliche, zuckerartige, undurchsichtige, leicht zerbrechliche, weiche, mehr od. minder trockne, eigen süß schmeckende Substanz, welche aus der Rinde mehrer Eschenarten (Fraxinus excelsior, Fr. ornus, Fr. rotundifolia u.a.) von …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • manna (1) — {{hw}}{{manna (1)}{{/hw}}s. f. 1 Cibo che, secondo la Bibbia, piovve dal cielo sugli Ebrei che attraversavano il deserto | (est.) Grazia celeste, cibo di sapienza divina, verità rivelata da Dio. 2 Cibo, bevanda squisita. 3 (fig.) Cosa vantaggiosa …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • manna — Old English borrowing from L.L. manna, from Gk. manna, from Hebrew man, probably lit. substance exuded by the tamarisk tree, but used in Greek and Latin specifically with reference to the substance miraculously supplied to the Children of Israel… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Manna — (Неймеген,Нидерланды) Категория отеля: Адрес: Oranjesingel 2c, 6511 NS Неймеген, Нидерланды …   Каталог отелей

  • Manna — Manna, ein schleimig süßer, scharf schmeckender, weißer oder blaßgelblicher, eingetrockneter Saft, der von verschiedenen Bäumen, namentlich aber von mehreren Eschenarten, vorzugsweise in Italien und Spanien gewonnen wird. Dieser Saft dringt… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Manna — Manna. Aus den eingeschnittenen Stämmen der M.esche (Fraxinus Ornus L.), eines südeuropäischen, namentlich in Calabrien und Sicilien einheimischen Baumes, fließt im Sommer ein zuckerartiger Saft, welcher durch Vertrocknen an der Luft die M.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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